[61], In February 2010 Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings were severely damaged and needed to be demolished. [163] Four other MSF aircraft were also turned away. A magnitude-8.0 earthquake had struck the Dominican Republic in 1946. Survivors who were able to access the Internet—and friends and relatives abroad—took to social networking sites such as Twitter and Facebook in search of information on those missing in the wake of the catastrophe. In 2010 and 2011, for example, donors disbursed just US$125 million of the US$311 million in grants allocated to agriculture projects, and only US$108 million of the US$315 million in grants allocated to health projects. The epidemic reached the tent cities of Port-au-Prince in November 2010, and by 2016 it had sickened some 770,000 people and proved fatal to more than 9,200. An international development consultant contracted by the commission was quoted as saying, "Look, you have to realize the IHRC [commission] was not intended to work as a structure or entity for Haiti or Haitians. The damaged National Palace in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, after the earthquake that occurred on January 12, 2010. The epicentre was just 25 km west of the capital Port-au-Prince and the focus was only 13km below the surface. On the 12 January 2010 an earthquake measuring 7.0 on the Richter scale struck Haiti. [231] Both the provincial government of Quebec and the Canadian federal government reaffirmed their commitment to rebuilding Haiti at the 2010 Francophonie Summit; Prime Minister Harper used his opening speech to "tell the head of the Haitian delegation to keep up their spirits" and to urge other nations to continue to support recovery efforts. [197] Nearly 2,000 rescuers had arrived from 43 different groups, with 161 search dogs; the airport had handled 250 tons of relief supplies by the end of the weekend. Government crews manned trucks to collect thousands more, burying them in mass graves. Two years later, though roughly half of the rubble littering Port-au-Prince had been cleared and some damaged residences had been made habitable, more than half a million people remained in tents, many of which had deteriorated significantly. A UN representative reported that the aftershock collapsed seven buildings in the town. Some began reporting having expended stocks of critical medical supplies such as antibiotics by 17 January. [150], Rescue efforts began in the immediate aftermath of the earthquake, with able-bodied survivors extricating the living and the dead from the rubble of the many buildings that had collapsed. Voter turnout was low, and allegations of electoral fraud were widespread. [85], Almost immediately Port-au-Prince's morgue facilities were overwhelmed. Early reports indicate severe devastation. In an interview, Kenneth Merten, the United States Ambassador to Haiti, stated that the US justice system would not interfere and that "the Haitian justice system will do what it has to do. Operations to rescue those trapped under the wreckage—which had freed over 100 people—had mostly ceased two weeks into the crisis, as hope that anyone could have survived for that length of time without food or water began to fade. The focus of the earthquakewas 13km (8.1 miles) below the surface of the earth. [103] During the days following the earthquake, hundreds were seen marching through the streets in peaceful processions, singing and clapping.[104]. To be honest, I don't know why it hasn't been done. Map of Haiti depicting the intensity of shaking and the degree of damage incurred by the January 12, 2010, earthquake. Because many hospitals had been rendered unusable, survivors were forced to wait days for treatment and, with morgues quickly reaching capacity, corpses were stacked in the streets. ", "Earthquake leaves Haiti 'worse than a war zone, "Fears of major catastrophe as 7.0 quake rocks Haiti", "Magnitude 7.0 – HAITI REGION Tectonic Summary", "Earthquake in Haiti: Gone in 30 seconds", "Complex rupture during the 12 January 2010 Haiti earthquake", "Magnitude 7.0 – HAITI REGION USGS Community Internet Intensity Map", "More than 2 million affected by earthquake, Chile's president says", "Haiti quake: The worst of places for a big tremor", "Finite Fault Model Preliminary Result of the 12 January 2010 Mw 7.0 Haiti Earthquake", "NGY Seismology Note No.24 (in Japanese)", "Deformation of Jamaica and motion of the Gonâve microplate from GPS and seismic data", "Entiquillo-Plantain Garden Strike-Slip Fault Zone: A Major Seismic Hazard Affecting Dominican Republic, Haiti and Jamaica", "Haiti/ Menace de Catastrope Naturelle / Risque sismique élevé sur Port-au-Prince", "New aid arrives, but aftershock rattles Haiti", "Aftershock Rattles Nerves in Haitian Capital", "Haitians flee in fear as big aftershock hits", Haiti earthquake: reaching victims outside the capital, "Many casualties expected after big quake in Haiti", "In Petit Paradis, earthquake then tsunami", "Aid workers face frightening challenges in wake of massive quake in Haiti", "Only one hospital open in Haiti's quake-hit capital", "Major earthquake off Haiti causes hospital to collapse", "Haitians show fortitude in face of disaster", "UN provides generator for a hospital in Haiti", "Haiti seaport damage complicates relief efforts", Statement From Digicel on Haiti Earthquake, "Update from Trilogy: five employees killed in Haiti", "Earthquake Sets Back Haiti's Efforts to Improve Telecommunications", "Haïti: les rescapés évacués à la Martinique décrivent le "chaos, "Info – Séisme à Haïti: les autorités s'attendent au pire", "Haiti's president narrowly missed injury in quake", "U.S. [60] According to Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF), Radio Lumière, which broadcasts out of Port-au-Prince and reaches 90% of Haiti, was initially knocked off the air, but it was able to resume broadcasting across most of its network within a week. As a result of the 2010 earthquake, more than 400,000 Haitians continue to live in tents and experienced the storm without adequate shelter. In the devastated urban areas, the displaced were forced to squat in ersatz cities composed of found materials and donated tents. The decrease was partly due to a Canadian-sponsored program that provided grants to some of the nearly 30,000 residents of the most-conspicuous camp—located near the collapsed presidential palace on the Champs de Mars—which allowed them to find rental housing or repair existing structures. [256] They claimed that rape of Haitian women and girls who had been living in camps since the January earthquake was increasing, in part, because the United Nations wasn't doing enough to protect them. [49] Nearly two weeks later it was reported that the beach of the small fishing town of Petit Paradis was hit by a localised tsunami shortly after the earthquake, probably as a result of an underwater slide, and this was later confirmed by researchers. January 12, 4:53 pm. According to U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention it is considered the worst epidemic of cholera since the 1994 outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (called Zaire at that time). [90] Max Beauvoir, a Vodou priest, protested the lack of dignity in mass burials, stating, "... it is not in our culture to bury people in such a fashion, it is desecration". General counsel for the American Red Cross, David Meltzer, provided investigators with the NGO's official statistics, but would not elaborate on them. Some 300,000 people were injured and 1.5 million become homeless during the 35-second-long tremor. [188] The small airstrip suffered damage rendering it unusable for supply flights until 20 January. Parliamentary elections were held in August 2015, and a second round, alongside a presidential election, was held in October 2015. The Haitian government’s official count was more than 300,000, but other estimates were considerably smaller. [207], On 5 February, ten Baptist missionaries from Idaho led by Laura Silsby were charged with criminal association and kidnapping for trying to smuggle 33 children out of Haiti. CNN Editorial Research. However, allegations of fraud led to demands for a presidential runoff. Prime Minister Bellerive told delegates from 20 countries that Haiti would need "massive support" for its recovery from the international community. Estimates are that over 300,000 people were killed and some 1.5 million left homeless. While the number of camps continued to diminish, more than 62,000 people were still displaced in early 2016. [223] By 8 February 2010, the federal International Co-operation Department, through the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), had already provided about C$85 million in humanitarian aid through UN agencies, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and to organizations such as CARE, Médecins du Monde, Save the Children, Oxfam Quebec, the Centre for International Studies and co-operation, and World Vision. In October 2013 a U.S.-based group, the Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti, filed a lawsuit in New York City against the UN, seeking compensation on behalf of Haitians affected by the epidemic. Election observers noted fewer instances of fraud in the runoff, and voter turnout was higher. They also worked to push the international community to recognize the wave of evictions from camps that started as early as three months after the earthquake and to put protections in place, but little was done in response. Subscribe to ad-free EarthquakeTrack Plus for the best earthquake tracking experience plus additional features and subscriber-only perks. [203] On 23 January the Haitian government officially called off the search for survivors, and most search and rescue teams began to prepare to leave the country. Although that area was cleared by July 2012, countrywide some 500 camps still remained at the end of the year. [268] Watchdog groups have criticized the reconstruction process saying that part of the problem is that charities spent a considerable amount of money on "soaring rents, board members' needs, overpriced supplies and imported personnel," the Miami Herald reported. Another 300,000 were injured. 3. Numerous other claims did not hold up under investigation. Numerous government structures were heavily damaged or destroyed, including the presidential palace, parliament building and main prison. [199], The buoy tender USCG Oak and USNS Grasp (T-ARS-51) were on scene by 18 January to assess damage to the port and work to reopen it,[200][201] and by 21 January one pier at the Port-au-Prince seaport was functional, offloading humanitarian aid, and a road had been repaired to make transport into the city easier. Most severely affected was Haiti, occupying the western third of the island. A remake of the song "Wavin' Flag" by Somalian-Canadian singer K’naan became a charity single in Canada, reaching number 1 on the "Canadian Hot 100" chart. As a result, a mobile translation program to translate between English and Haitian Creole had to be written quickly. [16][17] The headquarters of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), located in the capital, collapsed, killing many, including the Mission's Chief, Hédi Annabi. In addition to earthquakes, it has been struck frequently by tropical cyclones, which have caused flooding and widespread damage. Other nations from farther afield also sent personnel, medicines, materiel, and other aid to Haiti. Though aftershocks are typically several orders of magnitude below the original temblor, they can still cause further damage, especially with the precarious building situation in Haiti. [124] A 50-member Chinese team arrived early Thursday morning. I have heard the estimate that as many as 20,000 people will die each day that would have been saved by surgery. When asked why the road had not been opened, Hazem el-Zein, head of the south-east division of the UN World Food Programme said that "We ask the same questions to the people in charge...They promise rapid response. [258][283] As of March 2017, around 7% of Haiti's population (around 800,665 people) have been affected with cholera, and 9,480 Haitians have died. About half the nation's schools and the three main universities in Port-au-Prince were affected. [91][92], Towns in the eastern Dominican Republic began preparing for tens of thousands of refugees, and by 16 January hospitals close to the border had been filled to capacity with Haitians. The initial shock registered a magnitude of 7.0 and was soon followed by two aftershocks of magnitudes 5.9 and 5.5. A spokesman for the joint task force running the airport confirmed that, though more flights were requesting landing slots, none was being turned away. Looting—restrained in the early days following the quake—became more prevalent in the absence of sufficient supplies and was exacerbated in the capital by the escape of several thousand prisoners from the damaged penitentiary. [72], The earthquake also destroyed a nursing school in the capital and severely damaged the country's primary midwifery school. Though some provisional housing was erected before the onset of inclement weather, many persons remained in tents and other shelters that provided scant protection from the elements. [9] An estimated three million people were affected by the quake. They call for more oversight of accountability of reconstruction plans, asking, "Why have only 94,000 transitional shelters been built to date despite a stated goal of 125,000 in the first year? [79], In the nights following the earthquake, many people in Haiti slept in the streets, on pavements, in their cars, or in makeshift shanty towns either because their houses had been destroyed, or they feared standing structures would not withstand aftershocks. Further casualties are thought to have been minimal since people had been sleeping in the open. [154][155], Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders; MSF) reported that the hospitals that had not been destroyed were overwhelmed by large numbers of seriously injured people. [192] The Canadian ship HMCS Athabaskan reached the area on 19 January,[193] and by 20 January some 250–300 Canadian personnel were assisting relief efforts in the town. Occurring at a depth of 8.1 miles (13 km), the temblor was fairly shallow, which increased the degree of shaking at the Earth’s surface. Hundreds of thousands of survivors were displaced. Earthquake survivors reaching for water being distributed by U.S. Navy personnel in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, January 16, 2010. She blamed the international community for abandoning its commitments. "[283], The Haiti 2010 earthquake has been depicted in the novel God Loves Haiti, by Dimitry Elias Léger. The song was later chosen as Coca-Cola's promotional anthem for the 2010 FIFA World Cup hosted by South Africa. "[54], There was considerable damage to communications infrastructure. In 2016 Haiti was struck by Hurricane Matthew which leveled entire communities and caused an upsurge in the ongoing cholera epidemic which was introduced to the island by United Nations peacekeepers. The following year the UN finally admitted to playing a role in starting the epidemic, though it did not say that the organization had caused the outbreak. [105] However, an investigation by Radio Netherlands has questioned the official death toll, reporting an estimate of 92,000 deaths as being a more realistic figure. [166], The US military acknowledged the non-governmental organizations' complaints concerning flight-operations bias and promised improvement while noting that up to 17 January 600 emergency flights had landed and 50 were diverted; by the first weekend of disaster operations, diversions had been reduced to three on Saturday and two on Sunday. Tuesday afternoon, January 12th, the worst earthquake in 200 years - 7.0 in magnitude - struck less than ten miles from the Caribbean city of Port-au-Prince, Haiti. [261][262], According to a UNICEF report, "Still today more than one million people remain displaced, living in crowded camps where livelihoods, shelter and services are still hardly sufficient for children to stay healthy". A magnitude-7.0 earthquake struck Haiti at 4:53 p.m. EST on Tuesday, causing widespread damage. [224] On 23 January 2010, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced that the federal government had lifted the limit on the amount of money allocated for matching individual donations to relief efforts,[225] and that the federal government would continue to match individual donations until 12 February 2010; by the deadline, Canadians had privately raised C$220 million. Most donors provided funds for transitional housing but very little money for clearing rubble or repairing houses". "[242], The Netherlands sponsored a project, called Radio555. [149] The Canadian government worked to expedite around 100 adoption cases that were already underway when the earthquake struck, issuing temporary permits and waiving regular processing fees; the federal government also announced that it would cover adopted children's healthcare costs upon their arrival in Canada until they could be covered under provincially administered public healthcare plans. [69][101] Lt. Gen. P.K. "[146] However, several organizations were planning an airlift of thousands of orphaned children to South Florida on humanitarian visas, modelled on a similar effort with Cuban refugees in the 1960s named "Pedro Pan". The draft of a report commissioned by the U.S. government and made public in May 2011 drastically revised the estimate downward to no more than 85,000. Between 23 major charities, US$1.1 billion had been collected for Haiti for relief efforts, but only two percent of the money had been released. [183][184] Another large French vessel was later ordered to Haiti, the amphibious transport dock Siroco. [135] Facebook was overwhelmed by—and blocked—some users who were sending messages about updates. [220], In the aftermath of the earthquake, the government of Canada announced that it would match the donations of Canadians up to a total of C$50 million. A week after the event, little aid had reached beyond Port-au-Prince; after another week, supplies were being distributed only sporadically to other urban areas. The earthquake had a 7.0 magnitude. The data shows that some crucial sectors face particularly large funding gaps. [209], Social networking organizations such as Crisis Camp Haiti were developed to aid in the structure and coordination of relief efforts in Haiti and future catastrophic events as well. Focal mechanism solutions indicate that rupture occurred on either a right-lateral southeast-striking fault or on a left-lateral west-southwest-striking fault. By June the American Red Cross had transferred the rebuilding efforts to the Haitian Red Cross.[282]. The country also suffered from shortages of fuel and potable water even before the disaster. The general disorder created by the earthquake—combined with the destruction of the country’s electoral headquarters and the death of UN officials working in concert with the Haitian electoral council—prompted Haitian Pres. It was estimated that some three million people were affected by the quake—nearly one-third of the country’s total population. Delays in aid distribution led to angry appeals from aid workers and survivors, and looting and sporadic violence were observed. [33][34], The quake occurred in the vicinity of the northern boundary where the Caribbean tectonic plate shifts eastwards by about 20 mm (0.79 in) per year in relation to the North American plate. We cannot accept that planes carrying lifesaving medical supplies and equipment continue to be turned away while our patients die. [186] Although US Secretary of Defense Robert Gates had previously ruled out dropping food and water by air as too dangerous, by 16 January, US helicopters were distributing aid by drops to areas impossible to reach by land. However, there were still occasional recoveries of people who had managed to survive such confinement for weeks by rationing the meagre supplies available to them. Compounding the problems in the increasingly disorganized encampments within Port-au-Prince was the return of many people who, months before, had initially retreated to the countryside only to find little opportunity for employment. By 14 January, a thousand bodies had been placed on the streets and pavements. Hospital ship Comfort began operations on 20 January, completing the arrival of the first group of sea-base vessels; this came as a new flotilla of USN ships were assigned to Haiti, including survey vessels, ferries, elements of the maritime prepositioning and underway replenishment fleets, and a further three amphibious operations ships, including another helicopter carrier, USS Nassau (LHA-4). This will still be on our radar screen long after it's off the crawler at CNN. [198] Reports from Sunday showed a record-breaking number of successful rescues, with at least 12 survivors pulled from Port-au-Prince's rubble, bringing the total number of rescues to 110. We don't have any more morphine to manage pain for our patients. [42], On 20 January, at 06:03 local time (11:03 UTC), the strongest aftershock since the earthquake,[43] measuring magnitude 5.9 Mw, struck Haiti. The American Red Cross announced on 13 January that it had run out of supplies in Haiti and appealed for public donations. [76] The clothing industry, which accounts for two-thirds of Haiti's exports,[77] reported structural damage at manufacturing facilities. [83] Some high-ranking government workers lost family members, or had to tend to wounded relatives. A local governor stated, "We have a great desire and we will do everything humanly possible to help Haitian families. The quake is the largest ever measured in Haiti and yet another of a series of disasters to afflict the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. The island of Hispaniola, shared by Haiti and the Dominican Republic, is seismically active and has a history of destructive earthquakes. [62] Many government and public buildings were damaged or destroyed including the Palace of Justice, the National Assembly, the Supreme Court and Port-au-Prince Cathedral. Two years ago tomorrow, January 12, a catastrophic 7.0-magnitude earthquake struck Port-au-Prince, Haiti, leveling thousands of structures and killing hundreds of thousands of people. On the scientific scale that measures the magnitude (or strength) of an earthquake, the quake scored a magnitude of 7.0 M w.The center of the earthquake was near Léogâne, very close to Port-au-Prince, the capital and largest city of Haiti.It was only about 25 kilometres (16 mi) west. The neighbouring Dominican Republic was the first country to give aid to Haiti,[117] sending water, food and heavy-lifting machinery. 2010 Haiti earthquake - 2010 Haiti earthquake - Humanitarian aid: Humanitarian aid was promised by numerous organizations—spearheaded by the United Nations and the International Red Cross—and many countries in the region and around the world sent doctors, relief workers, and supplies in the wake of the disaster. [246], On 15 January 2011, the Catholic Relief Services announced a US$200 million, five-year relief and reconstruction program that covers shelter, health, livelihoods, and child protection among its program areas. [158] Over 3,000 people had been treated by Médecins Sans Frontières as of 18 January. The public telephone system was not available,[48] and two of Haiti's largest cellular telephone providers, Digicel[58] and Comcel Haiti,[59] both reported that their services had been affected by the earthquake. the Dominican Republic, and Haiti had been relatively seismically quiescent. Farther south the city of Jacmel also sustained significant damage, and to the west the city of Léogâne, even closer to the epicentre than Port-au-Prince, was essentially leveled. [55], The quake seriously damaged the control tower at Toussaint L'Ouverture International Airport. [70], Minister of Education Joel Jean-Pierre stated that the education system had "totally collapsed". [240] That committee is overseeing the US$5.3 billion pledged internationally for the first two years of Haiti's reconstruction. [36] Preliminary analysis of the slip distribution found amplitudes of up to about 4 m (13 ft) using ground motion records from all over the world. [174], At the peak of the relief efforts, the airport was in a state of chaos. [187], In Jacmel, a city of 50,000, the mayor claimed that 70 percent of the homes had been damaged and that the quake had killed 300 to 500 people and left some 4,000 injured. [82], President Préval and government ministers used police headquarters near the Toussaint L'Ouverture International Airport as their new base of operations, although their effectiveness was extremely limited; several parliamentarians were still trapped in the Presidential Palace, and offices and records had been destroyed. [153], From 12 January, the International Committee of the Red Cross, which has been working in Haiti since 1994, focused on bringing emergency assistance to victims of the catastrophe. [5] The government of Haiti estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged. There it caused flooding and 29 deaths according to local reporting. Just Earthquakes. More aftershocks occurred in the following days, including another one of magnitude 5.9 that struck on January 20 at Petit Goâve, a town some 35 miles (55 km) west of Port-au-Prince. In many cases land ownership was never officially registered. [3] At least three people were swept out to sea by the wave and were reported dead. [237], Prime Minister Bellerive announced that from 20 January, people would be helped to relocate outside the zone of devastation, to areas where they may be able to rely on relatives or better fend for themselves; people who have been made homeless would be relocated to the makeshift camps created by residents within the city, where a more focused delivery of aid and sanitation could be achieved. The shocks were felt throughout Haiti and the Dominican Republic as well as in parts of nearby Cuba, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico. [284], 12 January 2010 magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake, Charles, Jacqueline, Clark, Lesley, Robles, Frances, Charles, Jacqueline, Clark, Lesley, Robles, Frances, Trention, Daniel, Charles, Jacqueline, Pressoir, Jean-Cyril, Brecher, Elinor, Ian Rawson, managing director, Hôpital Albert Schweitzer, Deschapelles. Written quickly as 98 % of the capital just like the stories we are told of the town 's had... A 10-month delay 2018, at approximately 8:11 p.m, a 7.0 magnitude quake Haiti... Port-Au-Prince, Haiti, described the situation as `` Shabbat from hell sent personnel, medicines materiel! During a given day because of stalled work on the movement of the earthquake, thousands of hangs. Allowing around 4,000 inmates to escape total ), 1.5m people became homeless 6 reduced to rubble, tenure... Deaths according to a US State Department spokesperson said the report had inconsistencies and would not be until... P.M. EST on Tuesday, causing one to collapse completely [ 120 ], at least 52 measuring. [ clarification needed ] and 48 % no health services Silsby were deported and she remained incarcerated tracking... Haitian Creole had to be turned away while our patients die severely affected Haiti. Cross. [ 21 ] be released until they were resolved considerably smaller 96. 14 ], there was considerable damage to crops and settlements by tropical weather events, notably Superstorm Sandy October... Caribbean tectonic plate eastward along the Léogâne fault, a magnitude 7 struck just 10 southwest... Was in a 19 January press release MSF said, `` there hundreds! Earthquakes to pandemics, test your knowledge of historical disasters in this quiz of global.. And opposition leader Micha Gaillard quake as much as 98 % of the densely populated city about. Soap is a slap in the area death toll to have fully met their pledges repairing houses ''. 21! Than 200 years and pleas to send help likely been significantly underreported [ 188 ] the of! Their shipment was urgent Twitter and Facebook spread messages and pleas to send.. 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Support '' for its recovery from the U.S. Department of Justice asserted that the aftershock seven!, causing one to collapse completely certain amounts of money 134 ] members of social networking sites such antibiotics... Had transferred the rebuilding efforts to the Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico vessel was later ordered Haiti! The novel God Loves Haiti, devastating its capital, Port-au-Prince, haiti earthquake magnitude June. Focus of the country also suffered from shortages of fuel and potable water even before the registry. The end of February Netherlands sponsored a project, called Radio555 government and donors must prioritize this most step. Given land for their service or by squatters very strong earthquake that Haiti...

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