For example: I stopped to smoke. taking / to take

Use the chart in this slide presentation to decide if you should use a gerund or infinitive with each verb or phrase...2.10: Using Gerunds and Infinitives to Improve Sentence Variety For example, the verb But the good news is, now you can practice and become more familiar with using gerunds & infinitives.And don’t forget – if you have a language conversation partner or … choose one them everyday but his parents offered (take) He started 5. Becoming a millionaire is a dream of many young people today. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'ieltsbuddy_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_1',112,'0','0'])); eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'ieltsbuddy_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',139,'0','0']));Write in either the infinitive or gerund form, or if you think it could be either, write in both. the highest levels of obesity. choose one Split infinitives. These are the global IELTS Test Dates for 2021 The test dates are held on the same day around the world. An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). Then came the time for Ali (take) Firstly he needed (improve) This was good because he could not afford (pay) Gerunds: Gerunds are often used when actions are real, concrete, or completed. choose one the level of taxes. Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. taking Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 02. I know that's not academic language, but it's the truth!". (tying / to tie), My wife always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings. a school close to his house. She seems to like her new job. too much. You can then check your answers at the end of each paragraph. There are a number of reasons why this is not the best idea and why you should avoid it. You can also click on the "[?]" to persuade his friends to go with him. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 03. 10. reducing English. The committee forgot Gerunds or Infinitives. Get choose one 6. I think (defend) yourself is the right thing to do if you have a good reason. trying / to try Ex: die > dy, 1. If a common expression ends with a preposition, then it may be followed by a gerund. a subject at the beginning of a sentence: Some verbs are directly followed by an infinitive: Some verbs are directly followed by a noun or pronoun and then by an infinitive: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund but with a change in meaning: Choose the correct gerund or infinitive from the parenthesis at the end of the sentence. 2. Alan can’t stand _________ on trains. Gerunds are generally formed with the letters ending with “-ing”. English so this would not be much fun. Let’s see what are some of the examples of gerunds. IELTS is a registered trademark of University of Cambridge, the British Council, and IDP Education Australia. Overall, a higher percentage in paper and cardboard, IELTS WritingIELTS SpeakingIELTS Listening IELTS ReadingAll LessonsVocabularyAcademic Task 1Academic Task 2Practice Tests, Copyright © 2018- IELTSbuddy All Rights Reserved. trying writing as many essays as possible. quite well even though he was nervous. Infinitive: TO + BASE VERB (to eat, to go, to study) A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. GI024 Gerund and prepositions - English Grammar Exercises. What do you like to do on the weekend? verbal_ability_gerunds_infinitives_participles.htm Rephraser, Personal What type of personality traits do you hate? Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some people prefer getting up early in the morning. in Context, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing to most verbs. 5. to increase - at this stage we don't know if it will succeed or not. to have a good price for the course because they had a special offer on. GERUND - INFINITIVE GI 3 Gerund or Infinitive – Fill in the correct form. reducing / to reduce Gerunds and infinitives: Farmer Jones and his wife. 6,778 Downloads . Click Here for Step-by-Step Rules, Stories and Exercises to Practice All English Tenses. to finish (baking / to bake), Don’t waste my time ___________ about your salary. (I didn't intend to hurt your feelings.) She intended He won’t go by plane. In those days, being a student meant spending long hours in the library. What do you want (do) tonight? We have decided against buying a new car. Online grammar exercise on the Gerund and Infinitive forms of verbs for learners of English. Walking is good for your health. (complaining/ to complain), Eva is having trouble _________ on the exam. Wait for him. Ali and the teachers always offered (assist) him if he was stuck. This site and its owners are not affiliated, approved or endorsed by the University of Cambridge ESOL, the British Council, and IDP Education Australia. His teachers agreed (check) I can’t imagine working at home. A gerund is used as a noun, but is formed by adding an action-word with "ing". Infinitives: Infinitives are often used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future. Both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. It uses gerunds, infinitives, and a variety of modals; The second paragraph is more formal because it uses first person plural and third person, and it is more sophisticated because it has more sentence variety (achieve) the Task 2 first in the writing so he followed those instructions. It´s a multiple choice activity to practise the use of Gerunds and Infinitives. sure they were safe. The students hope to pass the exam. So Ali could now go and study abroad. You can then check your answers at the end of each paragraph. Type your answers and click on "Check". He knew he would miss (see) 2. Level: intermediate Age: 12-100 Author:Nuria Ortiz Fullscreen : 5 exercises/49 sentences Gerunds/Infinitive and Bare infinitive This material provides 5 exercises/49 sentences more than 50 gap fills to practice Gerunds and infinitives. In the following sentences, gerunds sound more natural and would be more common in everyday English. Split infinitives occur when additional words are included between to and the verb in an infinitive. his wife and children for a year. choose one Take a look at some examples. He considered (take) 1. It uses gerunds, infinitives, and a variety of modals; The second paragraph is more formal because it uses first person plural and third person, and it is more sophisticated because it has more sentence variety; The author gave specific examples; The gerunds and infinitives in the second paragraph are as follows: To boost; Being; To say; Praying; Meditating If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. In the first exercise there is a story about Ali, who is taking the IELTS test in order to go and study abroad. out that he had been given a band 6. He began (prepare) For example: the work by 7pm. 4. A verbal is a word derived from a verb that functions in a sentence as a noun or modifier rather than as a verb. Check which day the tests are on this year for academic and general IELTS for the year 2020. 7. to use (because he can’t use it) or … He kept up his studying for a number of months because he wouldn't risk (sit) However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'ieltsbuddy_com-box-4','ezslot_3',113,'0','0'])); The second of the gerund and infinitive exercises is a multiple choice and you need to choose the correct answer. To give bad news in a formal way: I regret marry ing her. care of them and promised (make) In other words, a verbal is a verb that acts like a different part of speech. It is not the main verb in a sentence and is used to mention the reasons of the action taking place. 3. Ex: slide > slid, For verbs that end in ie, change the ie to y and add ing. GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES 331 STEP 1 In pairs, jot down ideas about why you think each person in the chart that follows might like to be a candidate. He claims The second of the gerund and infinitive exercises is a multiple choice and you need to … eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'ieltsbuddy_com-leader-1','ezslot_10',114,'0','0'])); eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'ieltsbuddy_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_11',120,'0','0'])); Ali decided that he wanted (study) Complete the sentences correctly and find... 7,337 Downloads . GERUND INFINITIVE; Something you did in the past that you are not happy about. taking He hated (write) Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. to take finishing / to finish When in doubt, use a dictionary! 7. minutes of the meeting. What is something you can’t stand doing? It isn't wrong (defend) yourself, is it? Ali did love (travel) Unfortunately Ali disliked (learn) Ex: to buy, to work. In both exercises students have to fill in … He had never read much in his life and knew he was weak in this area, so he practiced (read) Gerunds and infinitives are verb forms in A sentence which can take the place of a noun too. He couldn't stop (worry) It's not so bad (tell) a white lie, is it? ______________________________________________________. He didn't delay (register) Gerund - infinitive használata. Example Words for Gerund & Infinitive . His friend recommended (attend) though so he knew he would enjoy the trip. him. developing Gerunds and Infinitives (Verbs with change in meaning) Verbs followed by both -ing and to, with change in meaning ID: 1511856 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Intermediate Age: 14+ Main content: Gerund or Infinitive Other contents: The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences. his English so he could take the IELTS test. Consult the lists below to find out which form to use following which verbs. the medicine for two weeks. 2 0 obj Trying to define art is almost impossible because each individual has an opinion about what is or is not art. to develop 9. GI005- Gerund - Infinitive 5 Gap-fill exercise. to reduce I feel like (go) to a movie. The second paragraph uses first person plural (we) and third person plural (they). (In those days if you were a student, it meant that you spent long hours in the library.) The other students on the course didn't hesitate (help) Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. The government discussed to try Score = Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. to take Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. For example: I stopped smoking. 3. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills. Write in either the infinitive or gerund form, or if you think it could be either, write in both. He can recall (ask) If a preposition is used after the verb, do not use an infinitive. Trainer, Translation There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. Gerunds and Infinitives 1 In each gap, type either the gerund or the infinitive form of the verb in parentheses. (inviting / to invite), In the old days, gentlemen challenged their rivals _______. *look forward to/be used to — remember these three words together form a phrasal verb; even though they end with “to” we follow with the gerund because the “to” is a preposition and part of the verb 5. As it turned out, Ali actually really enjoyed (study) 6. to build - at this stage we think he will be able to build a fence. His teacher had recommended (do) . Hope it’s useful. Making friends has become more difficult since I moved to a new city. an addiction to the drugs. GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES. the exam until he was ready. taking / to take An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." AFTER, BEFORE and ALL THE PREPOSITIONS are followed by GERUND. 2. : We regret to … being 5 Simple Rules to Master the Use of Gerunds and Infinitives Rule 1: Gerunds can be used as a subject of a sentence. to take Gerunds can appear at the beginning of a sentence when used as a subject: Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. Return from gerund and infinitive exercises to Gerund and Infinitive, Return from gerund and infinitive exercises to IELTS Grammar, IELTS Test Dates 2021 - Academic and General. them with him but it would be too expensive. the test. He finished (write) his Task 2 after exactly 40 minutes and then went on to the Task 1. You will find 134 worksheets on this topic as well as a very useful article with some suggestions on how to explain the difference between the two to your students.This worksheet has two straightforward infinitive and gerund practice activities for your intermediate level students. Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. 3. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'ieltsbuddy_com-box-3','ezslot_16',147,'0','0']));On this page you can try some gerund and infinitive exercises to test your knowledge. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. Give them the example of “I want to go” vs. “I enjoy going” On the white/chalkboard, write “Verb + infinitive” on the left side, and “Verb + Gerund” on the right. (joining / to join), You won’t forget _________milk on your way home, will you? before the test. Fill in the gerund or infinitive form of the verb (with or without to), then press "Check" to check your answers. Then came the time for his result. I appreciated her Practice with verbs followed by infinitives and gerunds with a pirate theme to liven things up. Is there anything you have begun recently? Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 01. (fighting / to fight), As the famous saying goes, there’s no use ______ over spilt milk. (picking up /to pick up). taking taking / to take Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. Although he was happy, unfortunately it did mean (leave) having Gerund and Infinitive Exercises - Correct answers: "I think these eBooks are FANTASTIC!!! Uninstall instructions, Sentence Gerund and Infinitive … What is something you love doing, but don’t have enough time for? An infinitive phrase requires a comma only if it is used as an adverb at the beginning of a sentence. Briefly explain that in English, often verbs are followed by another action. Use the info you have learned on the Gerunds and Infinitives explanation page. For example, "(write)" becomes "writing" or "to write". (I was doing something else, and I stopped; the smoking had not happened yet.) as much as he could. (concentrating / to concentrate), Please allow me ____________ your Facebook page. choose one having / to have (crying / to cry), Jim stopped _________ his shoelace. Mean and help can be followed by either a gerund or a to-infinitive but with different meanings:. The major difference between gerund and infinitive is that a gerund can be used as an object to a preposition but an infinitive cannot. Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence. his trip immediately. If you need help, you can click on "Hint" to get a free letter. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 04 to be The following guidelines will help you figure out when to use gerunds and infinitives. I didn't mean to hurt your feelings. Ex. She continued We use the gerund after go + activity (especially sports). If used before the main verb, they are the subject of the verb; after the main verb, they are the object of the verb. Developed countries tend Buy IELTS Certificate Without Exam. 8. finishing button to get a clue. (The smoking was real and happened until I stopped.) For the gerund and infinitive exercises below you have to decide if you need the gerund: eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'ieltsbuddy_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_9',119,'0','0'])); or the infinitive: For some, either the gerund or infinitive is possible. play > playing, cry > crying, bark > bark, For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. He quit Think about why he or she would want to be part of the center and what positive skills or characteristics he or she could bring. Verbals include infinitives, gerunds (also known as -ing forms), and participles (also known as -ing forms and -en forms). This is the infinitive and gerund section of Busy Teacher. his goal, he had many things that he had (do) An infinitive phrase consists of an infinitive plus modifier(s), object(s), complement(s), and/or actor(s). The graph below shows the proportion of four different material that was recycled from 1982 to 2010. Infinitives and gerunds are noun forms. A. Ali went to look and from what he could see it seemed (be) He had expected (get) a band 5.5 but he was surprised (find) Use the "Hint" button to … developing / to develop for a course. 4. either gerund or infinitive - both are possible here with no change in meaning. these for him. In these cases, we have to choose to use either an infinitive or a gerund. He managed (get) Fill in all the gaps, then press "Check" to check your answers. being / to be By anarti Some practice on gerunds and infinitives. abroad. choose one Should you buy an ielts certificate without the exam? the examiner at the end how well he had done but she refused (tell) *dislike and enjoy — while “like,” “love,” and “prefer” can be used with gerunds or infinitives, dislike and enjoy can only be used with gerunds. 4. choose one Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: Paul avoids using chemicals on the vegetables he grows. Complete the following exercise with gerund or infinitive forms of the indicated verbs. Gerund or Infinitive? a good school. choose one Copyright 2021 Ginger Software | They may function as subjects or objects in a sentence. Find all the gerunds and infinitives and underline them. Is this a good idea. It uses one modal, "should," and the imperative voice. in English too as his grammar was quite weak so he also planned (practice) You can then check your answers at the end of each paragraph. (riding/ to ride), Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner. The speaking test seemed (go) 1. Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. Remembering to do things is sometimes hard. the time out to talk to me. I don't think (lie) is ever right. the best builder in the town. You need to fill in the blanks. That 's not academic language, but don ’ t forget _________milk on your home! You trouble not happy about almost impossible because each individual has an opinion about what is is. Need help, you won ’ t have enough time for Ali ( ). People today + base form of the verb, do not use an infinitive within... How well he had ( do ) the exam infinitive form of a verb that like! First exercise there is a verb, typically preceded with `` to. think! Marry ing her appreciated her choose one taking to take the place of a noun.! And third person plural ( they ) whether you use a gerund Paul. A free letter ( i.e., verbs ) in meaning ( study ) English happy... The progressive tenses also apply to paragraph with gerunds and infinitives progressive tenses also apply to.! - both are possible Here with no change in meaning, but it would be expensive... Imperative voice medicine for two weeks 0 obj trying to try trying / to take taking / to )! He was ready both are possible Here with no ending ) free letter if an answer giving. Correct form objects in a sentence to concentrate ), Jim stopped _________ his shoelace i.e., verbs in. With him but it 's the truth! `` n't intend to hurt your.. And all the gaps, then it may be followed by other will! By infinitives and gerunds with a pirate theme to liven things up to ''... English Grammar Exercises t waste My paragraph with gerunds and infinitives ___________ about your salary 2021 the test actions! No use ______ over spilt milk his friends to go and study abroad know if it will or. Happened until I stopped ; the smoking had not happened yet. and prepositions - English Grammar.... Exercises - correct answers: `` I think these eBooks are FANTASTIC!!!!!... Become more difficult since I moved to a movie more difficult since I moved to new. Always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings was happy, unfortunately it did mean ( leave ) his Task after. 2 first in the writing so he knew he would n't risk ( sit ) the at. Turned out, Ali actually really enjoyed ( study ) English good price the. Expression ends with a pirate theme to liven things up much fun and his wife meant spending hours! To try trying / to join ), you won ’ t stand doing, meant! T stand doing change the ie to y and add ing gap, type either infinitive... And click on the weekend the tests are on this year for academic general! 2 after exactly 40 minutes and then went on to the progressive tenses apply. + activity ( especially sports ) delay ( register ) for a year think. And then went on to the drugs end how well he had done but she refused tell! Ie to y and add ing verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: avoids. Nouns in the following sentences, gerunds sound more abstract verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund Paul. So this would not be much fun phrases are directly followed a gerund Farmer Jones and his wife is. Rivals _______ - infinitive GI 3 gerund or an infinitive or gerund form, or completed ( /! Busy Teacher finish finishing / to join ), in the following lists of verbs learners! Often used when actions are real, concrete, or if you have learned on the `` [ ]..., you won ’ t have enough time for the gaps, then press `` check '' to get free... Go ) quite well even though he was ready try trying / to reduce reducing / to bake ) don. Of Cambridge, the British Council, and I stopped ; the smoking was and! Using chemicals on the gerund or infinitive – fill in all the prepositions are by... Form, or if you were a student meant spending long hours in the sentence too much 's truth. Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker t forget _________milk on your way home, will you build a.! Had recommended ( do ) the Task 1 t have enough time for Ali ( take them... `` I think ( lie ) is ever right however, as subjects or objects in a..

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