Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Find resources to engage learners in grades preK-12 with science, the natural world, wildlife and conservation. The most successful breeding occurs between 1.5 and 3 years old. (Mason and Macdonald, 1986) Conservation Status. If it appears incomplete or if you wish to see article references, visit the rest of its contents, Captive cheetah gives birth to largest litter ever recorded. Intensive work has been done to learn more about the female reproductive cycle and the unique diseases to which this animal is susceptible. Like domestic cats, Asian small clawed otters have a propensity to develop kidney stones, so they are given cat food which includes ingredients that prohibit the growth of these stones. Washington, DC 20013. Camera traps set to study fishing cats frequently capture shots of otters. As our little bundle of joy explores his habitat, help us celebrate his milestones with a gift today! Stable Threatened Endangered. We hope you will join us in this important work. Currently Oriental small-clawed otters are classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List and their numbers today are decreasing. Much of the trade in Asian otters has Now more than ever, we need your support. This is the smallest and arguably the ‘cutest’ of all the otter species, and interest in them, fanned by … The Asian small-clawed otter (Aonyx cinereus), also known as the oriental small-clawed otter or simply small-clawed otter, is a semiaquatic mammal native to South and Southeast Asia. They are also given crabs, mussels, clams, mealworms, crickets, live crayfish and live goldfish as enrichment items. With paired scent glands at the base of the tail, otters emit an intensely musky smell that can delineate territory and communicates information concerning identity, sex, sexual receptivity and time elapsed between scenting visits. Otters have a 28 day oestrous cycle and are fertile for 3 days a month.. Vietnam are where two endangered river otters are living: the Asian small-clawed otter and Smooth- coated otter. The main potential threat to Asian small-clawed otters is destruction of habitats due to changing land use patterns and increased development. They can use their paws with human-like proficiency and hunt primarily with their paws. Unlike the Eurasian Otter its front feet are only partially webbed, but it has short claws for digging in the mud and lifting rocks. Scent glands near the tail deposit a strong musky scent on their feces. A report from wildlife trade monitoring network Traffic published last October said at least 39 mostly juvenile Asian small-clawed otters destined for Japan were seized in 2016 and 2017. Aonyx cinerea. These Asian small-clawed otters are only found on two offshore islands in Singapore, Pulau Ubin and Pulau Tekong. Air pockets within their coat keep them insulated and dry while under water, so it is very important that otters groom regularly and reintroduce air into their coats. Southern sea otters are considered an endangered species, while Asian small-clawed otters are vulnerable. Small-clawed otters are an excellent biological indicator species, located at the top of the food chain and with a wide geographical distribution. Their ears are small and, like their nostrils, can be closed while the animal swims under water. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. The Asian small-clawed otter (Aonyx cinerea, hereafter ASC otter) is a member of the Mustelidae family. As the smallest of the otter species, Asian small-clawed otters have unique feet. Asian small-clawed otters are a very vocal species and have a vocabulary of at least twelve different vocalizations. The former is nocturnal and harder to spot, while the latter (above) is commonly spotted in local waterways and mangroves. They have webbed feet, and true to their name, their claws do not extend beyond their digital pads. … Compared to other otter species, the Asian small-clawed otter spends more time on land than in the water. However, typically they are in the water more than half of the day. Choose recycling over trash when possible. Small-clawed otters start exhibiting breeding behavior around six months old, although they generally are not sexually mature until one and a half years. Its paws are a distinctive feature with claws not extending beyond the fleshy end pads of its partially webbed digits. Increased influx of pesticides into the streams from the plantations reduces the quality of the habitats. In the Western Ghats, they are mostly found along the hill streams. The Asian Small-clawed Otter is the smallest of all otters, measuring a mere 65-90cm, and hardly ever reaching 5kg. (Lankard, 2001) IUCN Red List Vulnerable In the last 60 years, the range of the small-clawed otter has shrunk considerably, moving from west to east. Geneva, Switzerland, 26th August 2019 —two Asian species of otters have received the highest levels of trade protection measures after Parties to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) currently meeting in Geneva voted today to include both within Appendix I of the Convention. Otters are sensitive to overhead work and we want to keep them comfortable. Large tails complement their slender, almost serpentine build. Asian small-clawed otters are the smallest of all 13 otter species and are native to Asia. They live in family groups in the wild. Otterly social creatures. Asian small-clawed otters use their forepaws rather than their mouth to locate and capture food items. List of all endangered species (animals & plants). Our otters are part of the European Endangered Species Programme (EEP). They are critically endangered in Singapore. Reduce, reuse and recycle — in that order! Facts Summary: The Asian Small-clawed Otter (Aonyx cinerea) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area(s): Asia. As a public health precaution due to COVID-19, all Smithsonian museums will temporarily close. Sale! Also called the “oriental small-clawed otter.” This species is the least aquatic of the 13 species of otters (Lutrinae). By 1985 the first studbook was published and three years later a full master plan was developed. Clawless otters are managed under the Species Survival Program. Smithsonian’s National Zoo & Conservation Biology Institute 3001 Connecticut Ave., NW Washington, DC 20008, PO Box 37012 Check out our In the last 60 years, the range of the small-clawed otter has shrunk considerably, moving from west to east. In the meantime, please visit the North American river otters in the Minnesota Trail. After a gestation period of 68 to 72 days, females give birth to a litter of one to six pups. Animal Facts Scientific Name. While sea otters and river otters share many differences, they do share a major similarity – the threats they face in the wild. Reduction in prey biomass affects otter populations, and organochloric and heavy metal contamination interferes with the normal physiology of otters, leading to the decline in population. Asian Small-clawed otters Grey Stafford from Wildlife World Zoo in Phoenix brought Chip & Dale, endangered species Asian small-clawed otters, to visit the Beth & Friends show on 99.9 … kezradio Sat, August 1, 2020 5:33am URL: Asian small-clawed otters live up to 12 years in human care, with some individuals living longer than 20 years. asian small clawed otter endangered. Endangered Asian small-clawed otters on KEZ Grey Stafford from Wildlife World Zoo brought Chip & Dale (we’re not sure which one is which) to the Beth & Friends show on 99.9 KEZ in Phoenix. That alone allows him to live in harmony with larger otters since they are not competing for the same food. Showing all 2 results. The Asian Small-clawed Otter is the smallest otter in the world. In the wild the otters eat primarily crustaceans and mollusks but will also eat fish, insects, amphibians and reptiles. We are not announcing a reopening date at this time and will provide updates on our websites and social media. They are especially distinct in their forepaws, as the claws do not extend above the fleshy end pads of their toes and fingers. Wild populations of Asian small-clawed otters are in decline due to habitat loss and destruction. In many parts of Asia, the habitats have been reduced due to reclamation of peat swamp forests and mangroves, aquaculture activities along the inter-tidal wetlands and loss of hill streams. U.S ESA : Endangered. The Zoo’s Asian small-clawed otter family includes Valerie, a female, Chowder, a male, and Chowder's offspring — female Rutabaga and male Kevin. Both species face threats of pollution, habitat loss, and reduced food sources. The Asian small-clawed otter (Aonyx cinereus) was recently up-graded to “Vulnerable” and declining as it is being hunted extensively throughout Asia. It was generally believed that otters would be difficult to breed reliably in human care, so work on appropriate husbandry procedures was begun on the small-clawed otters. They tend to defecate or spray in communal latrine areas to pass on this information. They dig nesting burrows called holts into the muddy banks where they live. All members of the family group help feed and care for the young. Asian small-clawed otters are abundant in the hill ranges of the Western Ghats of Southern India. In 1981, a Species Survival Plan program was established for the Asian small-clawed otter, to be used as a model for other, more endangered social otter species. Range. by friendlyexoticpets. This species is also known by the following name(s): Oriental Small-clawed Otter. The small-clawed otter and smooth-coated otter can be found in Singapore. Asian Small-Clawed Otter. The next important threat to Asian small-clawed otter is reduction in prey biomass due to overexploitation. They form monogamous pairs, producing… In India the primary reason for loss of habitats are tea and coffee plantation along the hills, as well as loss of mangroves in the coastal areas due to aquaculture, increased human settlements and siltation of smaller hill streams due to deforestation. The otter is a carnivore in dietary habits because the diet of free-ranging Asian small-clawed otters includes: crabs, crustaceans, snails, mollusks, frogs, and fish (Table 1.1; Duplaix-Hall 1975; Incomplete webbing between the toes gives them a great deal of manual dexterity. The smallest of the 13 otter species, weighing less than 10 pounds (4.5 kilograms) and measuring up to two feet (61 centimeters) long—with 10 to 14 inches (25 to 35 centimeters) of that being tail. Feeds on fish, crab. They are popular in Thailand, but the greatest demand seems to be in Japan. MRC 5516 Very territorial to other otter groups outside their families. Would you like to receive a notice and link when the It is unknown how many Asian small-clawed otters exist in the wild, but there have been periods of rapid population decline. Although not yet endangered, this is a valuable species to begin research on before breeding of other endangered otters was needed. Southern India to Malay Peninsula and southern China. Otters are very vocal, with a large repertoire of calls. Feature image: @fussy_pot. At the 18th Conference of the Parties of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), the world’s governments voted overwhelmingly to apply their strongest level of protection to both the small-clawed and smooth-coated otters … Asian small-clawed otters (Aonyx cinereus) The illegal pet trade is a growing threat to Asian small-clawed otters, which are popular for private ownership and increasingly in pet shops, pet fairs, and even in coffee shops. ICYMI: See more about saving the great whales, bad news about the ivory trade and a bird that’s about to become rarer. Distribution: The Asian small-clawed otters occur in freshwater and peat swamp forests, rice fields, lakes, streams, reservoirs, canals, mangrove and along the coast (Sivasothi and Nor, 1994). Adopt a red panda to give the perfect gift to the animal lover in your life — even if that animal lover is you! To get at the meat, they either crush the shell by hand or let heat from the sun open the shells. They also communicate with a vocabulary of a dozen … More to come soon. They share their habitat with three other species of otter: Eurasian, smooth coated and hairy nosed. As diurnal animals, these otters hunt prey, including shellfish and crabs, during the day. These otters live in small streams, rivers, marshes, rice paddies, seacoasts and in mangroves. Asian small-clawed otters are found in southern India, southern China, Southeast Asia, Indonesia and the Philippines. At the Smithsonian's National Zoo, Asian small-clawed otters are fed a prepared meat diet called Natural Balance, small fish such as smelt and capelin, canned feline diet and kibble. They are highly sensitive to habitat disturbance — ranging from destruction to pollution — and their numbers give scientists an indication of the general health of their environment. Rated 3.00 out of 5 $ 1,800.00 $ 1,700.00; … Their teeth are broad and robust, well suited for crushing shells. Even when our gates are closed, we are still here, working as always to save species. Asian small-clawed otters are not compatible to be housed with other species of otters. Simply raising awareness about this species can contribute to its overall protection. Vocalizations are used for contact, summons, greeting, threat and alarm calls and can occur visually, chemically, or through tactile cues such as social grooming, hormonal changes and posturing. Educational Activities You Can Do at Home, About the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, A Day in the Life of an Asia Trail Keeper, Otter Family Makes a Splash at the Smithsonian's National Zoo, Pouncing On Enrichment: Stories from Real-Life Zoo Gaurdians. These otters have dark brown fur above and lighter fur below, often with gray, white, or cream-colored markings on the face and throat. This gives it a high degree of manual dexterity so that it can use its paws to feed on molluscs, crabsand other … The main potential threat to Asian small-clawed otters is destruction of habitats due to changing land use patterns and increased development. new Creature Feature is posted? This is the smallest species of otter, weighing less than 10 pounds. Mark Simmonds, senior marine scientist at Humane Society International, said: “ A wide variety of threats is adversely affecting the Asian small-clawed otter in the wild, such as habitat loss, pollution, and the fur trade, but increasingly it is persecution for the pet trade that is proving its downfall. Female Asian Small Clawed Otters. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. Male Asian Small Clawed Otters. Typically, two litters of pups are born each year, 8 or 9 months apart. Search for an endangered species profile. There is one species of Otter on the low risk list which is the Oriental Small Clawed Otter. Area (s) Where Listed As Endangered: The Asian Small-clawed Otter ( Aonyx cinerea) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area (s): Asia. With a very rapid metabolism, otters have boundless energy, but a meal passes through their system in just a few hours. These otters can give birth to two litters, with an average of 1-6 pups per litter, each year.. Oriental small clawed otters mate for life.. After a gestation period of 60 days the pups are … Cut back on single-use goods, and find creative ways to reuse products at the end of their life cycle. The female's estrous cycle is 28 days, with a three-day period of estrus. Asian small-clawed and smooth-coated otters were included in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) at the ongoing 18 th Conference of Parties (CoP) in Geneva on August 26, 2019.. They have sensitive digital pads that help them feel under rocks or in murky water for food. Reproduction. They dig in sand and mud at the shoreline for various types of shellfish (clams and mussels) and crabs. Several of the species though are listed as vulnerable and endangered. Because of this, they are fed multiple times a day. Asian small-clawed otters are mostly traded for the pet trade, while smooth-coated otters are more in demand for their pelts, though there is crossover with both species. These otters also use scent markings as an important form of communication. This species is also known by the following name (s): Oriental Small-clawed Otter. Are you inspired by endangered animals? Their coat of tightly packed under-fur and long guard hairs  are water repellent. This is a social species, living in family groups of up to 15 to 20 individuals. Their forepaws are extremely sensitive allowing them to search for food by touch alone. As a wildlife conservation charity, we care for both the animals here at the zoo and work to … The smallest of the world’s otters, the Asian small-clawed otter ( Aonyx cinerea ) is found widely across Asia from south-western India, through southern China, the Malay Peninsula, to Sumatra, Java, Borneo and the Palawan Island in the Philippines. by friendlyexoticpets $ 2,000.00 $ 1,900.00; Sale! Otters communicate mainly through the use of scent marking to establish territorial boundaries. Lifespan in the wild is unknown. The proposal to list the otters was floated by Bangladesh, India, Nepal and the Philippines. This article is only an excerpt. Their scent marked feces called “spraint” is then deposited on tree trunks, trails and rocks. The Asian Small-clawed Otter rarely eats fish like other otters. Asian small-clawed otters are not domestically protected in Indonesia, but all trade in unprotected wildlife is subject to a harvest quota, and there is no quota for otters. While not endangered themselves, they are being used as a model for the management of other otter species. They include the Southern River Otter, Hairy Nosed Otter, Giant Otter, and the India Smooth Coated Otter. Rice farmers complain about Asian clawless otters uprooting plants in the paddies. Once they are mature, they can breed year-round. High quality Asian Small Clawed Otter gifts and merchandise. Well adapted to life in the water, these social, intelligent animals spend a majority of their time on land. By becoming a member, you'll help the Zoo save species and get great benefits for you and your family each time you visit! Also, the Asian Small-clawed Otter really does have very small claws that barely protrude beyond the tips of his paws. games and coloring pages! Asian small-clawed otters are behind-the-scenes while work is happening next door in the Aviary. A separate water bowl, which is small enough that the otter cannot swim in, … Find out more The hairy-nosed otter (Lutra sumatrana) is probably the world’s rarest otter and was believed to be extinct in 1998. They have stubby legs and a blunt face. Pollution is probably the single most serious factor causing decline in the population of many fish species. Asian small-clawed otters are covered in gray and brown fur but have lighter coloration on their underside, neck, and face. Although they live in groups, they hunt by themselves. Share the story of this animal with others. It is the smallest otter species in the world and a member of the otter subfamily Lutrinae, itself part of the Mustelidae. 24 hours a very vocal species and have a vocabulary of at least different! Is susceptible Creature feature is posted very small claws that barely protrude beyond the fleshy end pads their... Their feces vocal species and are fertile for 3 days a month their name, their do... 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Sensitive allowing them to search for food by touch alone periods of rapid population.! But have lighter coloration on their feces around six months old, although they generally are not competing for same..., like their nostrils, can be found in southern India, southern China, Southeast,., we need your support sun open the shells population of many fish species of! The species though are listed as vulnerable and endangered 72 days, females give birth to a litter of to! Female reproductive cycle and are native to Asia their underside, neck, and by... Keep them comfortable, during the day Nosed otter, Hairy Nosed their,! Are in the water, these otters also use scent markings as an important form of communication half! Coat of tightly packed under-fur and long guard hairs are water repellent temporarily.. The single most serious factor causing decline in the population of many fish species they by...

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