Pickle was at the Battle of Trafalgar, and though she was too small to take part in the fighting, Pickle was the first ship to bring the news of Nelson's victory to Great Britain. An example from the Mont-Blanc muster roll is shown on the right. [9][a] The French fleet reached Cartagena on 6 April, having evaded Nelson through sheer chance, and pressed on from there, sailing through the Strait of Gibraltar on 8 April. When Rosily arrived in Cádiz, he found only five French ships, rather than the 18 he was expecting. At Trafalgar, in 1805, 20 of the 27 British ships of the line were 3rd rates, and 16 of those had 74 guns. [15] Of the two recaptured ships, only the Santa Ana made it back to Cadiz, when the sortieing ships ran into difficulties in the heavy storm that blew up after the battle. Consult the table below to convert the calendar dates. [15] Belleisle had become isolated and took the fire of several French ships until British ships were able to come to her rescue. During the battle Neptune fired on Nelson's flagship, HMS Victory, and duelled with several British ships including HMS Royal Sovereign, HMS Temeraire and HMS Belleisle. During the battle, the ships engaged carried varying amounts of sail - depending on their position and intent. ^ The smaller ships were the 40-gun frigates Cornélie, Rhin, Hortense and Hermione, the 36-gun frigates Sirène and Thémis, and the 18-gun brigs Furet and Pleiade. [2], The remains of the French fleet were bottled up in Cadiz under Rear-Admiral Rosily, trapped there by the British blockade. The records reveal that there were a number of nationalities aboard the French ships at their time of capture. [9] The other division was commanded by Rear-Admiral Pierre Dumanoir le Pelley, flying his flag aboard the 80-gun Formidable, and accompanied by the 80-gun Indomptable, and the 74-gun ships Swiftsure, Scipion and Intrépide. '[2] As the British approached on the morning of 21 October, Villeneuve formed the line of battle heading northwards, with Neptune the twelfth in the line from the lead ship of the van. Oct 28, 2014 - 12 in Bellerophon class dreadnought HMS Temeraire anchored at Spithead in 1909: the name has remained in Royal Navy use since distinguished service by the original previously captured French ship at Trafalgar in 1805. [15] In preparation for the counter-attack the British cast off several of the prizes and formed a defensive line, allowing the frigates to retake two of the captured prizes, both Spanish ships, the 112-gun Santa Ana and the 80-gun Neptuno. One of the documents seized from the Mont-Blanc was a helmsman’s log which covers the period of 16 September 1805 to 4 November 1805. In William Kinsolving's 1996 novel Mister Christian, Fletcher Christian returns from the South Seas and serves on the Victory in the Battle of Trafalgar. They were rewarded for each ship captured and returned to the UK, and given a further bonus for men captured. The captured French ships were all added to the Royal Navy, with the 'Formidable', becoming the 'Brave', and the 'Duguay-Trouin', the 'Implacable'. She also participated in a notable single-ship action when she captured the French privateer Favorite in 1807. Pluton, Algesiras and Argonaute and the 40-gun frigate Cornélie, out of the harbour, but on 9 July the squadron was attacked by Spanish forces from the land and sea. They were taking advantage of the north-westerly wind which was blowing on the starboard (right) rear quarter, nearly amidships, pushing them along at a slow rate and causing a swell(waves) perpendicular to the wind direction. It didn't try to swell in size after Trafalgar and even began to reduce in size after 1812. Discovery is a catalogue of archival records across the UK and beyond, from which you can search 32 million records. It occurred on October 21, 1805, at Cape Trafalgar on the Atlantic coast of Spain. [1] While in Cadiz Villeneuve had described Neptune as being 'In every respect one of the finest and most seaworthy ships of the Fleet. Swiftsure fought at the Battle of the Nile under Horatio Nelson for the British, but was captured by the French in 1801, meaning that by the time Trafalgar took place she was sailing under French colours and fighting for the other side. She sortied again two days later in an attempt to recover some of the prizes, but the fleet lost more ships than they regained, and Neptune had to be towed back to harbour. Admiral Nelson's losses were zero ships and approximately 1,700 killed or wounded. v3.0, offences committed and punishments inflicted, unusual events, such as attendance at Napoleon’s coronation, lists of army units aboard (for example the 67th Infantry aboard Scipion). Strachan's action gave the final blow to Napoleon's invasion plans. Helmsman’s Log transcript in English (PDF, 0.06MB), Helmsman’s Log transcript in French (PDF, 0.07MB). [13] Villeneuve formed up the line of battle, with Neptune being eleventh from the front, positioned astern of the Berwick and ahead of the Bucentaure. Neptune was a Bucentaure-class 80-gun ship of the line of the French Navy. [13] The combined fleet was spotted on 22 July as it sailed westwards towards Ferrol, and Calder manoeuvred to intercept it. [1] After spending several months there, watched by the blockading British fleet under Nelson, Villeneuve decided to put to sea in mid-October. [2][15], Having come through the battle relatively unscathed, Neptune was able to join the sortie made by Captain Julien Cosmao on 23 October, in an attempt to retake some of the captured prizes. In the ensuing storm the captured ship Redoutable sank on 22 October 1805 and the French flagship Bucentaure, captured by the British and recaptured by the French, sank off Cadiz when it struck a rock. In the film Star Trek Generations (1994), a painting reveals that one of Picard's ancestors fought at Trafalgar for the French. Neptune put to sea in company with two French ships, the 80-gun Indomptable and the 74-gun Pluton, and two Spanish ships, the 100-gun Rayo and the 74-gun San Francisco de Asis. Villeneuve struggled on, but bad weather in the Gulf of Lyons dispersed his fleet, and fearing an attack on his disorganised forces, returned to Toulon three days after setting out. Despite his efforts, the British were able to break the line between Bucentaure and Redoubtable. [16] Maistral hailed San Justo, The San Justo not being in her station and edging down to place herself on my windward beam hampered me; I at once hailed her to enquire if she knew her station; I told her that mine was to be next astern to the Bucentaure; she replied that she was about to place herself astern of me, which she did not do, and continued to the wind and to fore-reach on me, which made me fall off a little to leeward and to draw away from the flagship, of whom I had been within hail in the first place. The French ships were then seized by the Spanish forcesand put into service against France. After achieving little in the Caribbean, the fleet sailed back to Europe, where they were engaged by a British fleet in the Battle of Cape Finisterre. This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 06:46. [15] The broadsides cut Temeraire's rigging, brought down her foreyard and main topmast, and damaged her fore mast and bowsprit. 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